During the 35-day exchange program, I learned a lot fromhome-stayexchanges,active participation in the courses and visiting in Melbourne. After summarizing my feelings and thinking about the exchange project, I will state what I have learned as follows.
1、Language is generated by human’spurposes of communicating with each other. Therefore, as language learners, we must grasp the principle of communication to truly grasp a language. For example, in local language courses, we were often asked to express personal opinions about urban development, history of history,attitudes towards money, etc. rather than only taught how to get a good score in tests. In the future, I should pay attention to the language's function of expressing personal opinions, which enhancesmy language level.
2、An important foundation of using language to express opinions is that individuals have enough vocabulary (most languages do). In the process of communication project, I gradually developed habits of adding the certain number of new words every day and memorizing these words by using reasonable memory tools.Considering my poor vocabularies in the past, I think we should build up a long-term vocabulary accumulation system based on personal circumstances (using apps, websites, Ebbinghaus curve, etc.) to cultivate language perception.
3、Aspects of Listening (This area is biased towards exams): I have learned the tremendous effect of notesonin TOEFL listening test in TOEFL classes. However, I felt that my notes were difficult for me to understand accurately the listening, and my listening cannot be effectively improved. However, during the exchange, I tried to give up notes, just noted the initials and other methods, and personally I think that there is a greater listening improvement (cannot rule out the effect of the English environment). I think that the reason why my previous listening did not improve greatly was my mind was reversed: the sake of taking notes. Listening questions arebased on whether the individual understands the listening material accurately. The notes only help to memorize the knowledge. This is not the focus.
1、Young people should pay attention to their own characteristics andconcernthe times. In thehome-stayfamily, I often communicated with the son of my family (the 28-year-old Melbourne youth). He had a different quality. He realized that he was not a good learner at university and he wanted to makedo business, so he chose to drop out of school. He opted for direct access to social work to accumulate capital, travel abroad to expand awareness and start his own business. At first, from his experience, I realized that he attached great importance to personal qualities (though this behavior was excessive in some degree, but his parents did not interfere too much). In addition, I found that he was very concerned about the characteristics of the era. For example, Bitcoin and block chain were hotter some time ago. Therefore, he therefore chose to use the Internet to study and discuss it with us (another Vietnamese student in the host family). Compared to the domestic concern about some trivial matters, I think this attitude towards life is worth learning. Personal traits are our own strengths. We should combine individual traits with the time to find a way for individuals to survive in society.
2、In terms of dealing with people, I also think that I have been greatly improved in my time of going abroad. From the fear of speaking and escaping from talking to people to expressing own thoughts to others naturally, This is what I think I have changed during the exchange.
At the same time, I have deep feelings about the differences between foreign countries and China. I have roughly the following points
1、Due to the different historical development environment of the country, Melbourne's urban model is a typical, mature and large-scale modern city in the later stage, while China's cities are still in the phase of rapid development, expansion, and population expansion. Melbourne has positioned the center of the city as acentral business district (CBD), spreading urban populations in the suburbs around the CBD, and establishing a convenient urban public transport (train, tram) to achieve daily population flow. This city model is worthy of studying in Chinese cities! Melbourne's urban planning has enabled local governments to more effectively respond to and manage the different needs of residents: They can building a regular garbage removal mechanism and reasonable infrastructure in a residential suburb, and they can also tilt more resources to the CBD. Urban planning in most of China's cities is still in its infancy. There is still no clearer guideline but the same model of construction is repeated mechanically in different parts of the city. This will inevitably lead to low resource utilization efficiency. Therefore, I think that in the future, our country's urban planning should draw lessons from the outstanding urban design ideas from cities such as Melbourne while considering development.
2、I have been very impressed by the difference between domestic and overseas education modes and learning concepts. On the one hand, what astonished me is that the concept of lifelong learning is popular in Melbourne. Our language teacher is still learning as a master (who has already been a mother). You can see many people reading books rather than watching phones in trams or trains. This makes me feel that I should use my leisure time to get myself to acquire knowledge. At the same time, during the exchange period, I think that the foreign teaching model may even make use of information technology, which makes a lot of collaborative work in progress. I hold a neutral attitude towards the effect of this teaching mode and believe that it does not have very good results. However, it works well in teacher-student communication (provided that teachers have the will to communicate with each other, and taking into consideration the enormous pressure of scientific research in China's university teachers, it seems the premise does not hold). On the other hand, I feel the logical emphasis on the statement of opinion in foreign education. For example, when training personal writing, the most important teaching point is the logical structure of the article. Compared with foreign countries, the logical training I have received is far from complete.In the future, I need to strengthen logic in this area.
3、As the top ten livable cities in the world, Melbourne has thoroughly showed metothe basic coordination between human civilization and the natural environment. Its beautiful environment is the most impressive to me. The city has a lot of parks and vegetation. Compared to the blue sky in Melbourne, Lanzhou's blue sky seems a bit hazy. This makes me understand that China's environmental governancein China still has a long way to go! At the same time, Melbourne's long history is also one of the highlights: The combination of ancient buildings and modern buildings that can be seen everywhere in the city creates a beautiful Melbourne without any contradiction. It reminds me that China does not give enough respect to historical buildings in urban development, which inevitably makes our cities lose the advantage of historical accumulation. Of course, this is also related to the localization of the city. One of the major economic industries in Melbourne is tourism. Most parts of China are still in a period of development with the secondary industry as the main economic pillar. However, I still insist that urban development should pay attention to coordination and protection of historical and cultural buildings.
4、China's international image is only superficially understood by the ordinary people in Western countries. For example, myhome-stayfamily only knew Alibaba, Beijing, Shanghai,andthe Great Wall and so on. Their impression of the Chinese is limited to those wealthy Chinese immigrants. Of course, the continuous growth of local Chinese students may make this change. However, it is undeniable that the output of China's culture may still take a long time to improve. I sincerely hope that our international image will be further enhanced in the future so as to attract more foreign friends. However, from an objective perspective, due to the different national conditions in China, the network tools such as social software commonly used by ordinary citizens abroad cannot be used in our country,makingthese ordinary people unable to understand China in a deeper and more specific manner.
5、During the period of Melbourne, combined with Melbourne's historical and practical conditions, I found that Melbourne is a multi-ethnic and multi-cultural city. This is quite different from China's cities. Most cities in our country basically do not have any large cultural differences due to the long history of multi-ethnic communion. Therefore, I also deeply feel the tolerance of the city: there are full of different styles of magician, street music, handicraft markets and so on on weekends. I also hope that our cities can combine local conditions with an enough sense of inclusiveness so as to burst the vitality of a city!
6、But I also found that parts of the city of Melbourne need to be thought-provoking (which may also be a common problem in most cities): In the urban CBD, it is common to see some homeless people sitting, begging or sleeping. Regarding the homeless, I do not have a deep understanding or knowledge of the management of China cities in this area. But the only fact is that, at least in my personal experience, I can hardly see these long-term homeless and beggarson the first and second tier cities I've visited in China. But what I feel from the exchange project is that even if we think that no matter whether a person's standard of living is rich or poor, it is entirely the product of his personal struggle. However, for those who are in extremely poverty, the government should still help them and not stand by for the reasons above.
Above are my basic thoughts and experiences on the 35-day exchange program abroad. Personally, I have a deep feeling about broaden horizon and rich experience brought by my exchange abroad. I think such a valuable and unique experience makes it more objective to know the world. I am also very grateful to the college to give me this chance!