Teachers, have you taught such a class?
Teachers from three different colleges are teaching in one classroom at the same time;
It is not a simple "one question and one answer", but a "debate contest" with students.
Classmates, have you ever attended such a class?
Dozens of hours of preparation before each class;
Books, computers, and mobile phones are all on the desk, and the information is checked simultaneously with the class.
There are still 10 minutes left before this class, so let’s join Xiaolan in the 2019 Humanities Cuiying Class, let’s take a lesson in "Classical Study: <The Analects> and Mencius>"!
Entering into the classroom of Lanzhou University's Class of Humanities and Cultures of 2019 on the 8th floor of Guanyun Building, you may be the first to be attracted by its unique seating arrangement: teachers and students are sitting in a "three-person" way, and The front row seats are reserved for students, and the teacher sits at the back of the classroom.
What is the "three-person" way of sitting? The 17 students in the class are divided into 6 groups, roughly 3 people in each group, sitting together, because they have to not only listen, but also speak.
There was still 10 minutes before the formal class, and there were discussions in the classroom.
Looking at the back row of the classroom, Professor Chen Shengbo of the School of Philosophy and Social Sciences, Associate Professor Wu Jiongjiong of the School of History and Culture, and Associate Professor Wang Ying of the School of Letters, the three of them also formed a circle and were discussing the core reading documents to be assigned to the students in the next class.
Looking at the front row of the classroom, three classmates are standing on the podium, preparing the ppt to report in class. Behind this ppt is the thought result of three people, two weeks, disputes, and compromises. At this time, their eyes switched between the computer screen and the lecture notes in their hands.
Zhou Yuming, who is about to take the stage, drank a few sips of water, moisturized his throat, and whispered in his mouth: "Being benevolent and benevolent..." This is a sentence in "The Analects", a metaphor for the realization of ideals and wishes. She applied the words she learned in class to herself who was nervous at this time.
At 14:30, Professor Chen Shengbai walked from the back row to the front row, and the class bell rang.
On the stage, Teacher Chen did not start the lecture, but put forward some suggestions on "how to conduct research study" as an introduction to this course.
"Academic discussion, praise is very easy, but criticism requires reason and courage. Discussion must be logical, have evidence, and learn to demonstrate... After studying for a long time, you can feel a beautiful state." Professor Chen Shengbai said.
In this class, the teacher is more like an "academic beacon". After illuminating the direction, the "protagonists" of this class will appear on the stage.
At the beginning of the semester, the teachers have already determined the discussion topics for each group in the class, and one group uses 45 minutes of class time to report every week. What students have to do is to check a lot of materials after class, see the problems in the materials, and explain the truth.
"Such research-based learning is to cultivate students' way of thinking about problems, so that students understand how to make a clear truth." Chen Shengbai said.
"Classic Study" grouping and topic selection
(2019 Cuiying Humanities Class)
Unlike ordinary classmates in class, Zhou Yuming must "seek criticism" as soon as he takes the stage. "The lecture method of our group is the same as this course itself. It is also an experiment. I hope everyone will criticize more and find more mistakes so that the next group of lessons can be better." The cover of the ink style PPT behind her is the topic of their group's speech: For the benevolence.
For "how to be benevolent"? Zhou Yuming, Chen Zhuojun, and Tian Shuqi's team concluded that "inherit talents and do everything."
For 45 minutes, her speech was as smooth as water, unhurried, clear, and rich in content, and the vocabulary was very elegant. It was necessary to use "definition" instead of "definition"... Teachers and students listened to their explanation , Looking down on paper documents and checking computers from time to time.
"Liberation, order milk tea to celebrate!" "We used 8 books and looked up a large number of papers while preparing for this course. We prepared for more than two weeks. We stayed at the college until 12 o'clock every night and returned to the dormitory. Keep typing on the keyboard." The three classmates who finished the report were "relaxed" and talked freely.
Just as they exhaled, the three classmates sitting next to them in the review group were getting together in a circle, intensively thinking about how to seize the loopholes to refute their views.
In this class, students not only have to speak by themselves, but also evaluate each other to "find the fault." To this end, the class also set up a review group in advance.
In the next 55 minutes, a free debate on equal participation of teachers and students, diversity and tolerance began.
"Just now I mentioned that being benevolent requires ‘inheriting talents and doing everything'. If ordinary people don't have talents, can't they be benevolent?" Du Wanyi asked.
"I really don't use the word genius well. I just used the word from Mr. Qian Mu's "The Analects of Confucius"." Zhou Yuming replied.
"Is the talent I want to ask is innate, or is it something that can be cultivated?" Another student questioned.
"I think what this classmate pointed to is the core issue of 'being a benevolent party'." said teacher Wu Jiongjiong from the School of History and Culture.
"I want to ask whether talent is the prerequisite or the result of benevolence. If it is the prerequisite, I would like to ask how this prerequisite comes from." Teacher Wang Ying from the College of Arts added another question.
"The answer is‘what is benevolence’, not‘how to be benevolence’. We really didn’t think about this." Zhou Yuming responded.
"The question raised by the first classmate is not true in itself.' Inherited talent' is not and can't explain the meaning of 'ordinary people have no talent'. The logical starting point of your discussion was not clear, and they were biased by them." Teacher Chen Shengbai said.
Other students were also driven by the atmosphere of the scene and participated in the collision of ideas. Even a few students in the back row of the class also raised their hands to put forward their own opinions.
Such ingenious curriculum design originates from the education and teaching reforms of Cuiying College in recent years.
In the autumn of 2019, the Humanities Class of Cuiying College opened a series of "Classic Study" courses to encourage teachers of different majors of literature, history and philosophy to jointly lecture and interpret an article to help students understand classic works from different research methods, and cultivate students' research habits and dialectics thinking.
"On the one hand, this course realizes the student-centered seminar teaching method, on the other hand, it is also a real attempt to realize the interdisciplinary interpretation of classics in literature, history and philosophy. The teacher is not only the organizer and guide of classroom teaching, but also the participant and discussion Demonstrators contribute not only knowledge, but also personality." Chen Shengbo said.
It is reported that in 2019, 13 departments including the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Science and Technology jointly launched the "Six Excellence and One Top" Program 2.0. Taking this opportunity, Cuiying College relies on its own humanities professional teaching experience, and cooperates with the College of Arts, History and Culture, and Philosophy and Sociology to carry out "large liberal arts training", formulating an interdisciplinary humanities professional talent training program, and forming an interdisciplinary teaching team.
He Deyan, Assistant to the President of Lanzhou University and Executive Dean of Cuiying College, said: "Cuiying College, as a pilot area for deepening the reform of undergraduate education and teaching at Lanzhou University, has carried out a large number of educational and teaching reforms to improve the quality of top-notch students and breaks professional barriers. Establishing an interdisciplinary teaching model, such as the "Classic Study" series of courses is one of the reform measures. We hope that through such explorations, we will lead the reform of the school's first-class undergraduate education, improve the quality of undergraduate talent training, and effectively realize the morality of classroom teaching. people."
Soon, the "Classic Study" class in this class ended in the sound of discussion. Grade 2019 student Tian Shuqi said: "This class makes me feel that I am studying, not just coming to class. Everyone is highly concentrated in class, and one class is heartily!" Chen Zhuojun, the tablemate sitting next to him, said: "Sincerely I really like this classroom that can hear many voices. The classics are no longer standing on a high place and out of reach. They are right by their side and in front of the road."
(Translated by ShuRongyu, Proofread by Li Zeyang)